ФИЗИЧЕСКОЕ ВОСПИТАНИЕ СТУДЕНТОК С ПОЗИЦИИ ПРОФИЛАКТИКИ НАРУШЕНИЯ РЕПРОДУКТИВНОГО ЗДОРОВЬЯ

Национальный исследовательский университет в системе непрерывно образования - Н.Н. Пахомов

The
following tasks were set in this research: 1) To study the health state and
physical preparation of students in the process of classes; 2) To compare the
indices of functional systems and the level of physical preparation of initial
and final diagnostics.

20
first-year students of Perm State University took part in the experiment. There
were two stages of the re­search: initial diagnostics (September - Research 1)
and final (March - Research 2). During the classes there were in­troduced some
health-improvement methods: walking, running, skiing, morning hygiene
exercises. On each stage of the research the following indices were checked:
vital capacity of lungs, the Ruffier test, tests of hemodynamics: heart rate,
systolic blood pressure(BPsys), diastolic blood pressure (BPdia),
mean arterial pressure (MAP). The assessment of the level of physical
preparation was realised via the tests: speed-power test - lifting and lowering
the torso, speed - running 100 meters, endurance - running 2 000 meters.

The
assessment of the influence of physical activity and health improvement methods
on the functional sys­tems of organisms of students was made.The students
studying according to the health improvement methods had functional capacities
of the system of external respiration (index of vital capacity of lungs)
increased by 0,16 litres. The index of the heart function (the Ruffier test) in
response to standard physical activity decreased the growth of the pulse by
0,2. The endurance test (run­ning 2 000 metres) improved by 14 seconds. The
speed test (running 100 metres) increased by 0,2 seconds.

It
is possible to apply various forms and methods of classes within the process of
physical upbringing, as physical activity is one of the factors determining the
level of metabolism in the organism and the state of its muscular and skeletal,
respiratory and cardio-vascular systems.

Physical
activity and health improvement methods are aimed at increasing functional
capacities of the organ­ism. Health-improvement effect of the classes is
connected with the increase in aerobic capacities of the organism, the level of
general endurance and ability to work.

И.Н. Шевелева

Омский государственный технический
университет

ФИЗИЧЕСКОЕ ВОСПИТАНИЕ СТУДЕНТОК С ПОЗИЦИИ ПРОФИЛАКТИКИ
НАРУШЕНИЯ РЕПРОДУКТИВНОГО ЗДОРОВЬ
Я

Результаты собственных
наблюдений позволили выявить негативные тенденции в показателях, харак­теризующих
репродуктивное здоровье студенток. Однако в студенческие годы еще есть
возможность внести существенные коррективы либо компенсировать упущенную ранее
направленность образовательного процесса путем повышения знаний о
репродуктивном здоровье, формирования навыков поведения, нацеленного на по­вышение
физической активности и нравственного самовоспитания.